The cordon training system is a training system by which one or two horizontal arms, ‘cordons’ are formed. Each year the 1-year old shoots on the arms are pruned back to spurs containing only one or two buds (spur pruning). From these buds the new fruit carrying shoots will form in the next growing season. Cordon spur pruning is common in warmer wine regions. However, in cooler wine regions this type of pruning is too vulnerable to frost and sickness (due to the high number of pruning wounds).